PSY253: Using Bronfenbrenner’s systems theory, discuss the factors that may impact Diana as an adult learner. Educational Psychology in Singapore assignment

PSY253: Using Bronfenbrenner’s systems theory, discuss the factors that may impact Diana as an adult learner. Educational Psychology in Singapore assignment

Module / Subject / School:

PSY253 Educational Psychology in Singapore

Singapore University of Social Sciences


The word limit for this assignment is 1,500 words. Anything exceeding this limit will NOT be marked. Please state the word count at the end of your answer.
In this ECA, you will evaluate a case study and discuss the below-mentioned issues based on your understanding of educational concepts. You will also need to develop independent research skills in drawing together findings from empirical studies to build a coherent and
logical argument.

Case Study
The case study below describes when Singapore was still in the heightened alert phase of COVID-19, and before restrictions were eased.

Diana is a 48-year-old Singaporean woman who has been working as a nurse for the past 25 years. She is about to start on a part-time undergraduate degree in Psychology and is now planning for her first semester at university.

As a frontline worker in a public hospital, Diana is finding it challenging keeping up with the increased demands at work brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. She also struggles with adapting to the volatility of the safe management measures as this meant that she had to make alternative arrangements for her study and family if her work schedule had to change at short notice.

She found herself becoming more isolated socially as hospital staff were not allowed to cross work zones or to mingle during mealtimes at work. In addition, she worries about her father who is living in Malaysia as she had not been able to visit him for the past two years due to closure of the borders. Her only consolation is that her sister lives an hour away from their father, and helps by dropping by a few times a week to check on him.

At home, her teenage son, Jerome is constantly “hiding” in his bedroom with the door locked. Diana finds this very disconcerting, especially since Jerome refuses to respond to her knocking on his door. Recently, Diana received calls from Jerome’s form teacher, informing her that Jerome had not been submitting his homework across different subjects.

The academic semester is starting for Diana, and she feels anxious as she is unsure of how to begin preparing for her new learning journey. She is also worried that she will not be able to learn effectively as classes will be delivered via an online mode. She recalls a particular year during her schooling journey when she did not do well and wonder if that episode will repeat itself. She confides in her husband about the challenges she faces, and he advises her not to embark on the part-time study programme. Her husband’s response made her feel very alone in her educational journey.

You are required to include at least FIVE (5) journal articles to substantiate your answers. Provide a reference list at the end of the ECA.

a. Using Bronfenbrenner’s systems theory, discuss the factors that may impact Diana as an adult learner. Illustrate the various systems using specific examples relevant to Diana. If necessary, you may comment on the limitations of the background information available on Diana’s home/work situation, and how this additional information can add to our understanding of her challenges. (40 marks)
b. Suppose you are Diana’s class instructor. She has written to you expressing her worries about learning via an online mode. Examine some appropriate classroom management strategies that you can apply to foster a positive sense of classroom community. Discuss your answers with reference to how you can achieve this given an online mode of
classroom delivery.

What we score:


Our Writer’s Comment 

This assignment tests students on their understanding of the educational  concepts.

Based on the assignment requirements provided, here are some comments to help students score well on this assignment:

  1. a. Using Bronfenbrenner’s Systems Theory:
    • Comprehensive Analysis: Provide a comprehensive analysis of the factors that may impact Diana as an adult learner using Bronfenbrenner’s systems theory. Consider the various systems within Diana’s context, such as the microsystem (family, work), mesosystem (interactions between systems), exosystem (socioeconomic factors, policies), and macrosystem (sociocultural values, societal norms).
    • Relevant Examples: Provide specific examples relevant to Diana’s situation to illustrate how each system impacts her as an adult learner. For example, discuss how work demands, family responsibilities, social isolation, and concerns about her son’s behavior contribute to her challenges as a learner.
    • Commenting on Limitations: If necessary, comment on the limitations of the background information available on Diana’s home/work situation. Explain how additional information would enhance our understanding of her challenges. Speculate on possible additional factors that might be influencing Diana’s experiences.

    b. Classroom Management Strategies in an Online Mode:

    • Online Classroom Community: Discuss appropriate classroom management strategies that can foster a positive sense of classroom community in an online mode. These strategies can include creating opportunities for interaction and collaboration, setting clear expectations, providing timely feedback, promoting active engagement, and fostering a supportive learning environment.
    • Practical Implementation: Provide specific examples and techniques for implementing these strategies in an online setting. Discuss the use of online discussion forums, group projects, virtual office hours, interactive presentations, and incorporating multimedia resources to enhance engagement and connection.
    • Consider Online Challenges: Address the unique challenges of the online mode and how you can overcome them to foster a positive classroom community. These challenges may include limited non-verbal cues, potential technical issues, and the need for explicit communication and guidelines for online interactions.

    General Suggestions:

    • Academic Sources: Include at least five journal articles to substantiate  answers. Use reputable sources that are relevant to the topics being discussed. This demonstrates your ability to engage with scholarly literature and support your arguments with evidence.
    • Clear Structure: Emphasize the importance of a clear and well-organized structure for the essay. Each section should have an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use subheadings if necessary to enhance clarity.
    • Proper Referencing: Reinforce the importance of proper referencing. Include in-text citations for all sources used and provide a reference list at the end of your paper, following the appropriate citation style (e.g., APA).
    • Word Limit: Adhere to the word limit provided. Use the limited word count effectively and focus on providing concise and coherent responses.

    By using Bronfenbrenner’s systems theory and suggesting appropriate classroom management strategies in an online mode, you will be better equipped to score well on this assignment.

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Sample Assignment

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